Facts and key ratios

The Swedish steel industry in brief 

Production plants

  • Three integrated ore-based iron and steel plants.
  • Ten scrap-based steel plants.
  • About fifteen finishing plants.


  • Crude steel production: 4.72 million tonnes (world production: ~1,870 million tonnes).
  • Special steels represent a high share of total production. Alloy steels comprise 54 % of the production.
  • Very niche-oriented production with ever greater focus on steel that delivers environmental benefits from a life-cycle perspective.
  • Iron raw material comprises 45 % scrap and 55 % iron ore.
  • Production of approx. 2 million tonnes of residues per year, of which 80 % is used internally or sold and 20 % goes to landfill.

Foreign trade

  • Most of the manufactured steel products are exported.
  • Export value: SEK 54 billion.
  • Export volume: 3.6 million tonnes.
  • Exports go to 150 countries. Almost 70 % of the total exports go to the EU and Great Britain.
  • Major share of the feedstock input is Swedish, e.g. iron ore, scrap, electricity and limestone.
  • Coke and alloying elements as well as oil and natural gas are imported.

Energy (2017)

  • Energy consumption: 22 TWh.
  • Electricity consumption: 4 TWh.
  • Sale of 2–3 TWh of energy annually in the form of process gases, electricity and district heating.

Emissions (2017)

  • Emission of 2.0 ktonnes of nitrogen oxides and 1.3 ktonne of sulphur oxides.

Employment (2017)

  • Employs 15,700 persons.
  • Employs indirectly 26,500 persons*.

Note: Information above refers to 2019 except for Energy, Emission and Employment, where it refers to 2017. 
*) Estimated with an employment multiplier of 2.69 based on an input/output-analysis.