Facts and key ratios

The Swedish steel industry in brief 


  • Employs 15,700 persons.
  • Employs indirectly 26,500 persons*.

Production plants

  • Three integrated ore-based iron and steel plants.
  • Ten scrap-based steel plants.
  • About fifteen finishing plants.


  • Crude steel production: 4.65 million tonnes (world production: ~1,800 million tonnes).
  • Special steels represent a high share of total production. Alloy steels comprise 55 % of the production.
  • Very niche-oriented production with ever greater focus on steel that delivers environmental benefits from a life-cycle perspective.
  • Iron raw material comprises 40 % scrap and 60 % iron ore.
  • Production of approx. 2 million tonnes of residues per year, of which 80% is used internally or sold and 20% goes to landfill.

Foreign trade

  • Most of the manufactured steel products are exported.
  • Export value: SEK 53 billion.
  • Export volume: 3.3 million tonnes.
  • Exports go to 150 countries. Almost 70 % of the total exports go to the EU.
  • Major share of the feedstock input is Swedish, e.g. iron ore, scrap, electricity and limestone.
  • Coke and alloying elements as well as oil and natural gas are imported.


  • Energy consumption: 22 TWh.
  • Electricity consumption: 4 TWh.
  • Sale of 2-3 TWh of energy annually in the form of process gases, electricity and district heating.


  • Emission of 2.0 ktonnes of nitrogen oxides and 1.3 ktonne of sulphur oxides.
Note: Information above refers to 2018 except for Energy and Emission where it refers to 2017. 
*) Estimated with an employment multiplier of 2.69 based on an input/output-analysis.