Deliveries and steel consumption

What the steelworks deliver to their customers in Sweden or abroad are called "finished steel products", i.e. plate, strip, wire, rods, profiles and tube which are ready for delivery to customers.

A footbridge in Barcelona made of Swedish stainless steel. Photo: Outokumpu.

The steelwork's deliveries

Deliveries of finished steel products from the Swedish steel plants, in 2018, amounted to 3.7 million tonnes. These deliveries very largely went for export.  

The Swedish steelwork's deliveries of finished steel
The Swedish steelwork's deliveries of finished steel

 

Steel consumption in Sweden

Swedish steel consumption grew steadily from the period 1939-45 until the mid-1970’s. Following the oil crisis and the decline in the shipbuilding industry, consumption of steel actually fell by more than one third, for a few years, and remained at this level up to 1990. The sharp economic downturn that then occurred led to a further decline in consumption of steel over a couple of years. Subsequently, the consumption of steel increased steadily up to 2008 when the impact of the global financial crisis started to be felt. During 2010, when most steel consuming industries showed signs of recovery, the demand for steel increased again. In recent years, the gross supply of steel to the Swedish market has again reached the level of about 4.0 million tonnes per year.

The greater part of the steel consumed in Sweden is imported from other nations. This applies, above all, to standard steel grades that are no longer manufactured in Sweden. This is because the Swedish steel companies have specialised within different areas of expertise and now produce advanced steel grades and speciality steel products. This has led to a situation where most output of finished steel from the Swedish steel plants now goes for export. The diagram below shows how steel consumption has developed since the mid-1970’s.

Steelwork's deliviries, foreign trade and apparent steel consumption.
Finished steel excl. ingots and semis.
Steelwork's deliviries, foreign trade and apparent steel consumption.

Sweden’s per capita steel consumption is 416kg (2017), which is relatively high in international terms. The average for the 28 EU countries is around 324 kg per capita (World Steel Association, 2017). One explanation for the high steel consumption in Sweden is the engineering industry which consumes a high volume of steel.

The diagram below shows how per capita steel consumption has changed from 2007 to 2017, in different parts of the world. 

Steel consumption, finished steel per capita.
Steel consumption, finished steel per capita.